This part of the book presents the evolution of symbol systems in early agricultural villages that led to writing and made kingdoms and empires possible.

Writing was a necessity for the rulers of early-states. It fostered a new organizational form – the tripartite elite, consisting of the king, the military, and the priesthood. The rise of the tripartite elite brought class hierarchy, slavery, the marginalization of women, and war.

The winners in this information revolution were those willing and able to use information, their access to information technology, and force to take what they wanted either for themselves or for their group. The losers were women, children, and the subjugated.
The culmination of this world view was Rome.